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Causes of Bunions

Tuesday, 30 January 2024 00:00

Bunions are bony protrusions that form at the base of the big toe that can become painful and lead to discomfort while walking. Several factors contribute to the development of bunions. One of the most significant causes of bunions is genetics. If bunions run in your family, you are more likely to develop them. Wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can force the toes into an unnatural position, increasing the risk of bunions. This type of footwear can squeeze the toes and push them out of alignment over time. Additionally, certain foot shapes and structures can predispose individuals to bunions. People with flat feet or low arches may be more susceptible. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation in the joints of the foot, potentially leading to the formation of bunions. Foot injuries or trauma can disrupt the normal alignment of the toes, promoting bunion development. Occupations that require prolonged standing or walking can increase the pressure on the toes, increasing the likelihood of bunions. Lastly, bunions tend to develop more frequently as individuals age and wear and tear on the joints accumulate over time. If you have a bunion that is causing you discomfort, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can talk to you about treatments that are right for you.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Barry P. Weinstein, DPM of Bellaire Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Bellaire and Houston, TX . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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